Makar Sankranti

The festival of Makar Sankranti is one of the main festivals of Hinduism. It is celebrated on 14th of January every year. Makar Sankranti falls on the same date every year as it depends on the solar cycles. Makar Sankranti is considered as an auspicious day and it is believed that taking a bath in holy rivers like Ganga will bring happiness and prosperity in life.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated all over India with different names like In South India Makar Sankranti is known as Pongal, In Punjab, it is known as Maghi, In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana it is known as Sankranti, In Assam, it is celebrated as Bhogali Bihu and In Bihar and Jharkhand It is known as Sankranti.

Sankranti is incomplete without sweets made of til and gud. People prepare sweets like chicky, till gud, ladoos, etc at home and share with family and friends. Maharashtrian people share til gud and say ” til gul ghya ani god god bola”. which means to eat sweets and talk sweet. On the occasion of Makar, Sankranti sky is filled with colorful kites which are a treat to watch. Makar Sankranti is enjoyed by everyone and spread the message of togetherness and harmony.

Makar Sankranti Date – Why is Makar Sankranti always celebrated on January 14th?

In the Hindu religion, every month is divided into two parts, First is “Dark half of the month,” and the second is “Brighter half of the month.” Similarly, every year is divided into two parts, First “The Summer Solstice.” And second, “The Southern Declination.” These two are considered together like a year. On the day of Makar Sankranti, Earth rotation of the Sun Slightly changes the direction towards the north. Hence this period is called “The Summer Solstice.” Sometimes it is celebrated on or before one or the other day. Makar Sankranti is related to the geography of the earth and the Sun’s position. Whenever Sun comes on Tropic of Capricorn, that day is only on January 14th, and that is why this day is celebrated as a festival of Makar Sankranti.

In different parts of India Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different ways Like, in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka, it is called Sankranti and in Tamil Nadu, it is marked as Pongal festival. At this time, the new crop is welcomed in Punjab and Haryana and Lohri festival is celebrated. While in Assam this festival is called Bihu And celebrated with joy and gladness.

Once upon a time, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Father was flying a kite on a terrace with his son. Kite touches clouds in the sky and was blowing very beautifully with the wind. After some time, the son said to the father- Dad Let the Kite go further, Father said Son, “we do not have any more threads now,” Son said – that means Kites have not been able to go up due to thread. So now we should break this thread, and the kite will go up. This time Father said nothing, he just broke the thread. Kite started going up with thread and above, and above. But after the trembling, it started coming down And went away and fell on the ground. Son asked father – why did this happen? Why did the Kite fall? His father answered – at the height of Life in which we are We often find that some of the things we have been tied to are preventing us from touching the height of Life. Such as parents, disciplines, family, etc. That’s why we think that we should be free from them. The way the Kite is tied with thread in the same way we are also linked to them.

In fact, this is the thread that keeps us at that height. If you break this thread, Then you will definitely go to the climax like that Kite once, But later the same Kite you will Go away and fall to the ground. As long as the Kite will remain tied with thread until then, he will keep touching the heights of the sky, Because success in Life meets the balance of the whole family.

Facts about Makar Sankranti:

  • Makar Sankranti is considered as a festival of til and gud. Makar Sankranti lies in the cold season and Til and gud are hot, which has a positive effect on health.
  • It is said that on the day of Makar Sankranti, the God of Sun Left his anger and met his son Shani.
  • This festival, named as Makar Sankranti, is celebrated all over India from north to south. In the south, it is called Pongal, while in the northern states of Punjab, it is named as Lohri. Uttarayan, Mahi, Khichdi are some other names.
  • People believe that on the day of Makar Sankranti, Ganga had confessed Bhagiratha Muni and got into the sea. Hindu pilgrims arrive at Rameswaram on the day of Makar Sankranti to celebrate this adulteration and take a dip in the Ganga.
  • There is an interesting fact behind the practice of flying kites on the day of Makar Sankranti. There are a lot of infections and diseases in the winter, but when the kites are flying, the light rays of the sunrise from our body, due to which we do not feel much heat and the bad bacteria also die.
  • It is said that, if someone dies on the day of Makar Sankranti, then he does not take back birth and goes directly to heaven. On this day Bhishma gave up his life.
  • On the day of Makar Sankranti in Uttar Pradesh,” Kumbh Mela ” begins.
  • Nandi is also worshipped on the day of Makar Sankranti. There is an interesting story behind this: Once Lord Shiva, ask Nandi to go to earth and say, ”tel se roz naho aur mahine mein ek baar bhojan karo’ ‘. but Nandi said, “roz bhojan karo aur maheene mein ek baar tel se naho”. Lord Shiva became angry on this and ordered Nandi that now you should help the land and cultivate the field on the earth. Therefore, the Hindu people worship him as help sent by God for farming.

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